The ancient city of Miletus
Tourists in Turkey can visit the ancient city of Miletus Ionia. You can get here by public transport from the towns of Altinkum Accou or Are Balat. You can even book a tour from Moscow for a honeymoon in Turkey, which will include a trip to Miletus. According to the descriptions of Herodotus, it was founded by Carians, but was subsequently captured by the Ionians. The city flourished in 6-7 century BC. Miletus is the largest sea port. Also, the town was the centre of science. Here was Thales of Miletus, who studied a solar Eclipse. The name Anaximander is due the invention of the globe. Here was founded the Milesian school of philosophy. It was in Miletus occurrences created by the first form of the Greek alphabet. The names of the mathematician Pythagoras and of the historian Herodotus also associated with Miletos. The layout of the streets of the ancient city is somewhat like today’s modern cities. The architect Hippocam for the first time in the practice of urban development has proposed to first pave main streets, and from them secondary. In times of economic and cultural prosperity of Miletus was separated into external and inner city. The inner city was protected by well-fortified fortress. In the last century BC begins a gradual decline of the city. This was due to constant external threats.In the second century ad, Miletus is just a small market town. Over time, Miletus loses the functions of a seaport. Subsequently, it turns into a village of Palaces. Excavation of the ancient city began in the late 19th century. To date, however, archaeologists were able to excavate only 1/3 of Miletus. Excavated monuments can now be seen by tourists. Striking in its monumental Roman theater that could hold up to 15 thousand spectators. Scientists have excavated several tombs of the Hellenistic era, among them the sanctuary of Apollo, which was a cult place. You can also see the Byzantine Church of the sixth century. Many buildings of ancient times have not yet been excavated.