TOP 7 archaeological finds in the North Caucasus in recent years
Strange skulls, ancient gold, legendary graves: by Day archaeologists AMF-SC gave an overview of the most interesting finds in the region.
The bowels of the earth and the mountains of the Northern Caucasus contain many secrets, who love to unravel archaeologists, learning year after year something new. In honor of the professional holiday of researchers AMF-SC gave an overview of the most interesting finds that were discovered during excavations and expeditions in recent years.
In August 2013 scientists have surprised the inhabitants of the Stavropol territory and Russia’s largest archaeological find of the last half century. In szpakowska area was found Scythian gold Dating from the fourth century BC. The owner of lifetime values could not be determined – Kurgan was subjected to several “raids” black archeologists, the last time in the 19th century. Robbers dug up every last bone, leaving scientists with a single lead. Gold survived by a miracle – it is simply not found.
According to experts, gold items were made by the best Greek craftsmen in the workshops of the Bosphorus. Likely that it was a very precious gift of the Greeks or the gold produced on request of the Scythian king.
In August 2012 a space satellite has recorded a settlement of the bronze century, Karachay-Cherkessia. In this place archaeologists have found a massive Foundation remains of animals, large amounts of pottery and charcoal. According to scientists, the ancient settlement contains items the heyday of the Koban culture (17-18 century BC).
In 2014, KCR were found rock inscription of the 17th century. They, of course, not so ancient, but are of great scientific value for the peoples inhabiting the present territory of the Republic.
According to experts, this gorge was a sacred place, surrounded by agricultural terraces and settlement with ditches and ramparts. On the walls are depicted scenes of hunting, warriors with bows, horses.
I. the native land of elephants whales
The southern mammoth remains were found in February 2013 in Kabardino-Balkaria at the confluence of Corp and Dry Corp. During the excavation one Tusk crumbled right in front of researchers, and the second was in a clay shell. Tall elephant reached four meters. This kind of mammals lived from 2.6 to 0.7 million years ago. Locals and earlier repeatedly there were found bones of prehistoric animals, some have even used the vertebrae as stools.
Grachevskom in the region of Stavropol in June of this year, archaeologists discovered the bones of an ancient whale from the kind of Cetatenii who lived about 10-12 million years ago in the Sarmatian sea. The remains (large vertebra, a fragment of a lower jaw, several ribs) were cemented in a large block of Sandstone. Now to see echoes of antiquity in the paleontology hall of the Stavropol Museum-reserve named after G. Prozriteleva and G. Prave.
In may of 2014 in the mountains of Ingushetia in the ancient cave Dating back to 5-8 experts for centuries, it has been found possible burial place of the Georgian Queen Tamar. Belarus has preserved the ancient Christian Church Thebaine, which, according to historians, may be related to the woman. The official burial place of the Queen has not been found yet. The legend says that Tamara told them to hide their tomb rejected by the Turkish Sultan could not get to it after death.
Another amazing find was discovered in Kabardino-Balkaria in July 2013. Archaeologists have unearthed the ancient skull of an unusual oblong shape. As it turned out, in 7-10 centuries among representatives of noble families was adopted: newborn wrapped head ritual leather headband and adorned with beads. Flexible bones of the skull were deformed and he was towering form.
Due to such unique discoveries to touch the history and personally observe her progress. And this is not difficult: you just need to buy a ticket to the nearest Museum.