Tourists in Turkey can visit the ancient city of Miletus Ionia. You can get here by public transport from the towns of Altinkum Accou or Are Balat. You can even book a tour from Moscow for a honeymoon in Turkey, which will include a trip to Miletus. According to the descriptions of Herodotus, it was founded by Carians, but was subsequently captured by the Ionians. The city flourished in 6-7 century BC. Miletus is the largest sea port. Also, the town was the centre of science. Here was Thales of Miletus, who studied a solar Eclipse. The name Anaximander is due the invention of the globe. Here was founded the Milesian school of philosophy. It was in Miletus occurrences created by the first form of the Greek alphabet. The names of the mathematician Pythagoras and of the historian Herodotus also associated with Miletos. The layout of the streets of the ancient city is somewhat like today’s modern cities. The architect Hippocam for the first time in the practice of urban development has proposed to first pave main streets, and from them secondary. Continue reading
This year the students of our Institute was fortunate to host the summer archeological practice in the National reserve Sophia of Kyiv and Vyshgorod historical and cultural reserve.
In the study area in the upper town was found a ceramic complex of the XI century. According to archaeologists, in the XI century. on the territory of 5-6 ha here were 250-300 hearths. In sectors where horns were found had been excavated fragments of ceramic products. A collection of ceramics reaches thousands of fragments and complete products. A special place deserve the finds from the brands masters, finds the ornament.
In one of the sectors was found a garbage pit with fragments of pottery. Under which it was subsequently discovered the burial of a male radnog period of the tenth century. Under the weight of the soil the lower jaw have disappeared, but all the teeth are preserved in amazingly good condition.
A significant proportion of students historians, who interned scored great successes also in the National reserve “Sophia of Kyiv”. Where did a large amount of work to establish historical facts. The current excavation was carried out in a new place, where not been subject to any archaeological research. Continue reading
In different Nations that inhabited our planet in ancient times, there were different traditions of burial of the dead, is often very unusual. Both were buried in ancient times? Here are interesting facts about some very unusual burials.
Among some peoples of Ancient China (e.g. people’s Bo) was taken to suspend the coffin with the body of the deceased on a high rock, and on the side facing to human habitation. It was believed that mountains are a bridge between earthly life and afterlife, and the dead in the tombs will protect the living and bring them luck. The hanging coffins were made from a solid single piece of wood and placed on special stands, hammered into the rock. The oldest burial found is 3000 years old and the youngest is 400.
In Ancient Persia, the main religion was Zoroastrianism (he was later superseded by Islam), according to which the dead were not supposed to defile the earth and air, therefore corpses could not be burned or buried in the ground. On a high rock tower was constructed with a deep well in the center (Tower of silence). Inside the tower were three levels: one for men, one for women and one for children. The dead were stripped completely and put in the tower, Continue reading