In the Stavropol earth are buried the remains of the ancient cities and even the earlier settlements of primitive man, stone boxes — tombs and majestic mounds, the dolmens and the massive underground chambers of the catacombs. As legendary statues, towering in the mountains of the greater Caucasus and its foothills Christian temples of X—XI centuries, some of the earliest on the territory of our country, majestic fortresses and towers of middle ages.
In the region identified 177 archaeological sites that scientists investigate how improved tools from the stone cut to perfect the bronze and iron guns. Great interest among the archaeological monuments of ancient times are the Parking lot of Sycamore on the Big Zelenchuk, barrow graves near Ust-Jeguta, tombs of the nobles of the bronze age, dolmens in the mountains of Karachay-Cherkessia, colorful bronze Koban culture. Highly artistic products rich Scythian barrows in C. Alexander, Hrushevsky the town near Stavropol, where for centuries was stored samples of the highest culture of ancient Greek (the remains of amphorae, with the names of Greek masters, bronze and iron pins, buckles and other products). Continue reading
On the banks of the Dnieper-bug estuary in ancient times (to be exact – in the 6th century BC) landed Greek settlers from Miletus founded the ancient city of Olbia, which existed for a thousand years!
The ancient city of Olbia
In my opinion, I wouldn’t do Olvia predajem Odessa and the Chersonese is not predajem of Sevastopol. And if today you can not magically create any decoupage, only to get materials to the in history we have to contemplate the little that was left and try to preserve this heritage. But here, in General, it will be a different story.
So, this ancient city was one of the 4 largest ancient colonies of the black sea region, as its economic and cultural center: conducted trade fabrics, jewels, grains and fish, was in Athens sea Union. The city was besieged by the troops of Alexander the great, Olivia and the province of the Roman Empire.
The type of government policy was the democratic slave-owning Republic, in which civil rights empowered women, foreigners, slaves and semi-free populations. During the heyday in Olbia there were about 25 thousand inhabitants. In the walls of the city were the temples, and craft shops, and shopping districts, and homes, was even its own currency – bronze aces, which visiting merchants-the merchants and the guests were Oliveolive to change their silver and gold. Continue reading
This year the students of our Institute was fortunate to host the summer archeological practice in the National reserve Sophia of Kyiv and Vyshgorod historical and cultural reserve.
In the study area in the upper town was found a ceramic complex of the XI century. According to archaeologists, in the XI century. on the territory of 5-6 ha here were 250-300 hearths. In sectors where horns were found had been excavated fragments of ceramic products. A collection of ceramics reaches thousands of fragments and complete products. A special place deserve the finds from the brands masters, finds the ornament.
In one of the sectors was found a garbage pit with fragments of pottery. Under which it was subsequently discovered the burial of a male radnog period of the tenth century. Under the weight of the soil the lower jaw have disappeared, but all the teeth are preserved in amazingly good condition.
A significant proportion of students historians, who interned scored great successes also in the National reserve “Sophia of Kyiv”. Where did a large amount of work to establish historical facts. The current excavation was carried out in a new place, where not been subject to any archaeological research. Continue reading