Fossils are the remains and imprints of plants and animals that lived on Earth in the long past era. But turns into a fossil only a small part of plants and animals. As a rule, their remains are either eaten by other animals or decomposed by the action of fungi and bacteria. Shells or hard bony skeletons persist longer, but eventually they are destroyed. It was only when the remains are buried in the ground very quickly, before they have time to decompose, they have a chance to survive and turn into a fossil. To the deceased plant or animal was buried rapidly, it is necessary that over it there was a sediment, for example sand or silt. Then his remains were soon denied access of air and not rot. Over millions of years of sedimentary layers of the lower pressure of the upper turn into solid rock.
Water that seeps into sedimentary strata, contains minerals. Sometimes she washes them out of the sedimentary material. Under the weight of the upper sedimentary layers of the water displaced from the bottom. Minerals remain within and contribute to the bond of the sedimentary layers and their solidification into rock. These minerals are deposited even in the remains of plants and animals, filling the spaces between their cells, and sometimes even “replacing” their bones or shells. So obratimosti naturally grow in the stone and remain there Continue reading
Novosibirsk region is famous for its variety of terrain: plains, lowlands, and swamps, and steppes. But today it’s about Palaeolithic Parking lot “Wolf Mane”, located in 62 kilometers from the city Karagat. In 1957 archaeologists discovered this unique place. which at first took to be a huge cemetery of mammoths, but it was later revealed that this prehistoric people, who never used in their simple life stone. Scientists dug up any of a thousand skeletons of dead animals, which indicates the exceptional significance of mammoths in the area. Animal skins served as building material for homes of people of that time, bones made tools, meat from animals fed. Found the remains of animals of different ages — here and old mammoth, and young, scientists found not only the remains of mammoths, and bison, horses and other animals. Collection of stunning finds of the stone age at the present place is stored in the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of Novosibirsk. Territory “Wolf Mane” impresses with its size: Parking stretches for 8 kilometers to the East, has a width of 1 kilometer, and stands 11 meters. The area is valuable not only from a scientific Continue reading
In South America, archaeologists have discovered the first undisturbed tomb robbers ancient and mysterious civilization Were. In the tomb, scientists found the mummified bodies of three Queens, as well as the Golden treasures and human remains, which judging by all, sacrificed.
1200-year-old “temple of the dead” was discovered not far from Lima, capital of Peru. Excavations were conducted by scientists at the site, which is just four hours ‘ drive North of the city.
The opening provides a lot of information about the enigmatic Wari Empire that ruled the Andes long before their better-known successors, the Incas.
“For the first time in the history of archeology in Peru we have found an Imperial tomb that belongs to an Empire were,” said Milosz Giersz, an archaeologist leading the joint Polish-Peruvian team of scientists.
The archaeologist is confident that the discovery will help them learn more about the life and culture of a civilization that ruled the Andes long before the Incas. Continue reading