In the Stavropol earth are buried the remains of the ancient cities and even the earlier settlements of primitive man, stone boxes — tombs and majestic mounds, the dolmens and the massive underground chambers of the catacombs. As legendary statues, towering in the mountains of the greater Caucasus and its foothills Christian temples of X—XI centuries, some of the earliest on the territory of our country, majestic fortresses and towers of middle ages.
In the region identified 177 archaeological sites that scientists investigate how improved tools from the stone cut to perfect the bronze and iron guns. Great interest among the archaeological monuments of ancient times are the Parking lot of Sycamore on the Big Zelenchuk, barrow graves near Ust-Jeguta, tombs of the nobles of the bronze age, dolmens in the mountains of Karachay-Cherkessia, colorful bronze Koban culture. Highly artistic products rich Scythian barrows in C. Alexander, Hrushevsky the town near Stavropol, where for centuries was stored samples of the highest culture of ancient Greek (the remains of amphorae, with the names of Greek masters, bronze and iron pins, buckles and other products). Continue reading
Anthropogeny — the process of origin and evolution of man.
Driving forces of anthropogenesis.
1)anthropoid ancestors pax; 2)most ancient and ancient ancestors pax; 3)people present, morphologic building.
• individual selection aiming to morphophysiological traits is bipedalism, the structure of the brush, the development of the brain; • group selection, aimed at the social organization; • bio-social selection, the result of the combined action of the first two forms of selection. Acted at the level of individual, family, tribe.
The main driving force of anthropogenesis was the work in which you create your tools. The main factor is labour-was specific to the evolution of the pax. Particularly important was the emergence of a straight gait. Biologically bipedalism brought the man a lot of complications. But due to bipedal locomotion freed the hands for tools. At the beginning of the process of formation of the person his hand was underdeveloped. It took a long time for our ancestors moved from the use of the OCD subjects. nature. environment as weapons in their manufacture. Continue reading
In their Coffers. al-Farabi was held the solemn opening of the research Center of archaeology and Ethnology . In the framework of the state program “Cultural heritage” archaeological and ethnological science has acquired a special significance among the social Sciences and Humanities. In addition, in modern conditions requires a more in-depth and extended ethnological research of the multinational culture of the peoples of Kazakhstan. Currently in KazNU named after al – Farabi where are the major experts in the field of archeology and Ethnology. All this became the basis for opening of a research center.
The opening of this Center is one of the most important events in scientific and cultural life of the University and of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Center’s work is devoted to the study of actual problems of ancient and medieval archaeology of Kazakhstan, Ethnography, ethnic and ethno-cultural processes among the peoples of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Continue reading