Novosibirsk region is famous for its variety of terrain: plains, lowlands, and swamps, and steppes. But today it’s about Palaeolithic Parking lot “Wolf Mane”, located in 62 kilometers from the city Karagat. In 1957 archaeologists discovered this unique place. which at first took to be a huge cemetery of mammoths, but it was later revealed that this prehistoric people, who never used in their simple life stone. Scientists dug up any of a thousand skeletons of dead animals, which indicates the exceptional significance of mammoths in the area. Animal skins served as building material for homes of people of that time, bones made tools, meat from animals fed. Found the remains of animals of different ages — here and old mammoth, and young, scientists found not only the remains of mammoths, and bison, horses and other animals. Collection of stunning finds of the stone age at the present place is stored in the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of Novosibirsk. Territory “Wolf Mane” impresses with its size: Parking stretches for 8 kilometers to the East, has a width of 1 kilometer, and stands 11 meters. The area is valuable not only from a scientific Continue reading
Anthropogeny — the process of origin and evolution of man.
Driving forces of anthropogenesis.
1)anthropoid ancestors pax; 2)most ancient and ancient ancestors pax; 3)people present, morphologic building.
• individual selection aiming to morphophysiological traits is bipedalism, the structure of the brush, the development of the brain; • group selection, aimed at the social organization; • bio-social selection, the result of the combined action of the first two forms of selection. Acted at the level of individual, family, tribe.
The main driving force of anthropogenesis was the work in which you create your tools. The main factor is labour-was specific to the evolution of the pax. Particularly important was the emergence of a straight gait. Biologically bipedalism brought the man a lot of complications. But due to bipedal locomotion freed the hands for tools. At the beginning of the process of formation of the person his hand was underdeveloped. It took a long time for our ancestors moved from the use of the OCD subjects. nature. environment as weapons in their manufacture. Continue reading
In their Coffers. al-Farabi was held the solemn opening of the research Center of archaeology and Ethnology . In the framework of the state program “Cultural heritage” archaeological and ethnological science has acquired a special significance among the social Sciences and Humanities. In addition, in modern conditions requires a more in-depth and extended ethnological research of the multinational culture of the peoples of Kazakhstan. Currently in KazNU named after al – Farabi where are the major experts in the field of archeology and Ethnology. All this became the basis for opening of a research center.
The opening of this Center is one of the most important events in scientific and cultural life of the University and of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Center’s work is devoted to the study of actual problems of ancient and medieval archaeology of Kazakhstan, Ethnography, ethnic and ethno-cultural processes among the peoples of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Continue reading