Anthropogeny — the process of origin and evolution of man.
Driving forces of anthropogenesis.
1)anthropoid ancestors pax; 2)most ancient and ancient ancestors pax; 3)people present, morphologic building.
• individual selection aiming to morphophysiological traits is bipedalism, the structure of the brush, the development of the brain; • group selection, aimed at the social organization; • bio-social selection, the result of the combined action of the first two forms of selection. Acted at the level of individual, family, tribe.
The main driving force of anthropogenesis was the work in which you create your tools. The main factor is labour-was specific to the evolution of the pax. Particularly important was the emergence of a straight gait. Biologically bipedalism brought the man a lot of complications. But due to bipedal locomotion freed the hands for tools. At the beginning of the process of formation of the person his hand was underdeveloped. It took a long time for our ancestors moved from the use of the OCD subjects. nature. environment as weapons in their manufacture. Continue reading
In the Chegem district of Kabardino-Balkaria Institute of archaeology of the Caucasus (Nalchik) and scientists of the South of Russia began excavating the largest known settlement, Dating from the seventh century BC. As reported on August 18, the Director of the Institute of archaeology of the Caucasus Kerim Mirzoyev, in the excavation area of 600 square meters discovered the remains of dwellings, ancient buildings, household pits and a large number of pottery and bronze ware and late Scythian-Koban culture. The findings in the thousands.
“Until October the tender will have to dig 2 thousand square meters of land, caught in the zone of construction of a bypass highway Cool-Azau. To work as subcontractors involved colleagues from the Krasnodar and Stavropol edges, the Rostov region”, – said Mirzoyev. “Under two meters of soil is found the monument of history, which will allow to unite into a single chain of historical discoveries made earlier in Chechnya, North Ossetia, Ingushetia, in the territory of Kavminvod and check the earlier historical assumptions”, – said the head of the expedition, Continue reading
In Mitino in the course of two to three years will be a historical archaeological landscape Park, reports Oreanda. According to the chief archeologist of Moscow Alexander Veksler, here, after the extensive archeological study of the area, were found numerous monuments of the past. Now they are under the protection of the Metropolitan government.
In addition, in 2008, in the district Khokhlovskiy square in the centre appears the Museum exposition “the Fortress of the White city of the XVI century”. There you will see the 70-meter stretch of white-stone wall was found during construction, it will be saved in not disassembled.
Fortifications of the White town — the third zone of defence of Moscow, were erected in 1585-1593, under the leadership of the Russian architect Feodor the Horse and was adjoined on the left Bank of the Moscow river to the Kremlin and China-town. At the end of XVIII century the fortress fell into disrepair and was demolished. Through its walls have passed Continue reading