The oldest fossils of multicellular organisms — sponges — found in the territory of the Green continent by Adam Maloof (Maloof Adam ) and his colleagues from Princeton. The discovery pushed back the existence of animals on the planet back centuries at least another 15 million years.
Recall that the earliest fossil of a “solid” body is considered Namacalathus (age 550 million years), soft — Kimberella (555 million). The current remains approximately 650 million years, which is even larger than previously found indirect evidence of the existence of sponges.
In a press release of the University scientists write that stumbled upon the fossils under a layer of glacial deposits by age 635 million years (and that’s the end of cryogenia ). It means that the animals survived the days of “Earth-snow” (we have been told about this period of the life of the planet).
Scientists are not yet sure at 100%, that they really fossilized biological material. The best evidence of the current findings in an article in the journal Nature Geoscience, could be new finds in the breed belonging to the same era (Photo by Adam Maloof). Continue reading
Archaeological and natural Museum-reserve “Tatar settlement” from 1992 is part of the Stavropol state Museum-reserve them. G. N. Prozriteleva and G. K. prave. Annually on the territory of the settlement are archaeological excavations, and if You are lucky, you can watch the work of specialists.
Tatar hillfort is the largest archaeological monument of the Caucasus, miraculously preserved among the relic forest in the vicinity of Stavropol. which is a system of three settlements, a total area of about 200 hectares
The settlement is a complex, multi-layered monument, which functioned throughout the four historical periods: Koban, Scythian, Sarmatian, Khazar. The unique preservation of the cultural and fortification structures, systems, roads, burial grounds and places of worship, allows us to trace every aspect of the lives of ancient people from the VIII century BC to X century ad.
The cultural layer of the settlement of the Tatar abundantly filled with the ruins of the ancient walls of houses, the debris of long ago broken pots and jugs, ash and numerous foci of fires, smoldering for many hundreds of years ago. Here took place one of the Northern routes of the Great silk Road. Continue reading
Bronze axes transferred to local history Museum of the city of Gudauta
In the Gudauta district of Abkhazia, local residents found the so-called “treasure of the caster” – 20 bronze axes, which date back to the third Millennium BC.
About this informed the head of Department on protection of monuments and historical and cultural heritage of the unrecognized Republic Vadim Bzhania.
According to him, the axes were found in the village Zvandripsh while plowing the land. “Although it is not treated samples axes, but for science they are of great interest”, – said Bzhania.
He said that bronze axes transferred to local history Museum of the city of Gudauta. The head of regional administration has disposed to allocate cash reward to the finder of the hoard.
In connection with the discovery of the Office for protection of monuments directs the expedition to continue studies on the territory of the village Zvandripsh. Continue reading