Anthropogeny — the process of origin and evolution of man.
Driving forces of anthropogenesis.
1)anthropoid ancestors pax; 2)most ancient and ancient ancestors pax; 3)people present, morphologic building.
• individual selection aiming to morphophysiological traits is bipedalism, the structure of the brush, the development of the brain; • group selection, aimed at the social organization; • bio-social selection, the result of the combined action of the first two forms of selection. Acted at the level of individual, family, tribe.
The main driving force of anthropogenesis was the work in which you create your tools. The main factor is labour-was specific to the evolution of the pax. Particularly important was the emergence of a straight gait. Biologically bipedalism brought the man a lot of complications. But due to bipedal locomotion freed the hands for tools. At the beginning of the process of formation of the person his hand was underdeveloped. It took a long time for our ancestors moved from the use of the OCD subjects. nature. environment as weapons in their manufacture. Continue reading
In their Coffers. al-Farabi was held the solemn opening of the research Center of archaeology and Ethnology . In the framework of the state program “Cultural heritage” archaeological and ethnological science has acquired a special significance among the social Sciences and Humanities. In addition, in modern conditions requires a more in-depth and extended ethnological research of the multinational culture of the peoples of Kazakhstan. Currently in KazNU named after al – Farabi where are the major experts in the field of archeology and Ethnology. All this became the basis for opening of a research center.
The opening of this Center is one of the most important events in scientific and cultural life of the University and of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Center’s work is devoted to the study of actual problems of ancient and medieval archaeology of Kazakhstan, Ethnography, ethnic and ethno-cultural processes among the peoples of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Continue reading
In Guatemala and Mexico archaeologists made important discoveries that shed light on ancient Mayan culture, reports the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The Mayans created a highly advanced civilization – it is an axiom, not requiring proof. However, each new discovery or attempts to properly understand the purpose of the mysterious structures, and other artifacts never cease to surprise and amaze scientists. So at this time.
On the territory of modern archaeological complex of Ayutla, in Ocosingo Mexico researchers from the National Institute of anthropology and history, NIAI, have unearthed the ruins of an ancient Mayan theater, built more than 1.2 thousands of years ago.
The building, designed for 120 spectators, like many religious buildings of the Maya were on a hill. According to the expert, NIAI Luis Martos, the location of the buildings speaks of it no less significance for the ancient metropolis than temples. The archeologist assumes that the theatre was created by order of the ruling elite of the city for her amusement. Continue reading