Happy Olbia or the ancient city on the Black sea
On the banks of the Dnieper-bug estuary in ancient times (to be exact – in the 6th century BC) landed Greek settlers from Miletus founded the ancient city of Olbia,…

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Excavations in the estate of Sophia of Kyiv and Vyshhorod of the National reserve
This year the students of our Institute was fortunate to host the summer archeological practice in the National reserve Sophia of Kyiv and Vyshgorod historical and cultural reserve. In the…

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The driving forces of the process of anthropogenesis and human origin.

Anthropogeny — the process of origin and evolution of man.

Driving forces of anthropogenesis.

1)anthropoid ancestors pax; 2)most ancient and ancient ancestors pax; 3)people present, morphologic building.

• individual selection aiming to morphophysiological traits is bipedalism, the structure of the brush, the development of the brain; • group selection, aimed at the social organization; • bio-social selection, the result of the combined action of the first two forms of selection. Acted at the level of individual, family, tribe.

The main driving force of anthropogenesis was the work in which you create your tools. The main factor is labour-was specific to the evolution of the pax. Particularly important was the emergence of a straight gait. Biologically bipedalism brought the man a lot of complications. But due to bipedal locomotion freed the hands for tools. At the beginning of the process of formation of the person his hand was underdeveloped. It took a long time for our ancestors moved from the use of the OCD subjects. nature. environment as weapons in their manufacture. Continue reading

In Abkhazia discovered the “treasure of caster” five-thousand year-old

Bronze axes transferred to local history Museum of the city of Gudauta

In the Gudauta district of Abkhazia, local residents found the so-called “treasure of the caster” – 20 bronze axes, which date back to the third Millennium BC.

About this informed the head of Department on protection of monuments and historical and cultural heritage of the unrecognized Republic Vadim Bzhania.

According to him, the axes were found in the village Zvandripsh while plowing the land. “Although it is not treated samples axes, but for science they are of great interest”, – said Bzhania.

He said that bronze axes transferred to local history Museum of the city of Gudauta. The head of regional administration has disposed to allocate cash reward to the finder of the hoard.

In connection with the discovery of the Office for protection of monuments directs the expedition to continue studies on the territory of the village Zvandripsh. Continue reading

Fossils - the clue of nature
Fossils are the remains and imprints of plants and animals that lived on Earth in the long past era. But turns into a fossil only a small part of plants…

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Archaeological and natural Museum-reserve "Tatar settlement"
Archaeological and natural Museum-reserve "Tatar settlement" from 1992 is part of the Stavropol state Museum-reserve them. G. N. Prozriteleva and G. K. prave. Annually on the territory of the settlement…

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